Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into usable products. Manufacture is derived from the Latin words manu factus, meaning made by hand. Most objects that people use every day are the result of manufacturing.
The manufacturing process involves taking raw materials through a variety of steps to produce a finished product. Efficiency in the manufacturing process correlates directly to the cost of the product to the consumer.
The rise of the factory system and mass production revolutionized manufacturing. Eli Whitney, Henry Ford, and Kiichiro Toyoda devised efficiency processes that made manufacturing what it is today.
New Trends in manufacturing include processes such as built-in quality, kaizen and kanban as part of the innovative concept of lean production conceived by Japanese automotive manufacturers.